The Eurofighter Typhoon is a twin-engine multi-role canard-delta strike fighter aircraft, designed and built by a consortium of European aerospace manufacturers through Eurofighter GmbH which was formed in 1986. However studies began as early as 1979 into what would become the Eurofighter Typhoon.
The Typhoon incorporates several new state of the art aerial systems including the ECR-90 multirole radar built by companies from all four partner nations and IRIS-T an infra-red search and track weapon aiming system coupled with helmet mounted symbology. Other systems include a defensive Aids sub-system (DASS), wide-angle head up display and VTAS, a Voice Throttle and Stick control system that includes direct voice input of some commands and HOTAS (Hand on Throttle and Stick) to ease the pilots workload.
The Eurofighter is equipped with two Eurojet EJ200 engines, each delivering thrust of 90kN in full reheat and 60kN in dry power mode. Single-stage turbines drive the three-stage fan and five-stage HP compressor. The engine features: digital control; wide chord aerofoils and single crystal turbine blades; a convergent /divergent exhaust nozzle; and integrated health monitoring.
The internally mounted Mauser BK27mm gun is a revolver gun system with a linkless-closed ammunition feed system. The Eurofighter Typhoon has 13 hard points for weapon carriage, four under each wing and five under the fuselage. An armament control system (ACS) manages weapons selection and firing and monitors weapon status.German Eurofighters carry the imaging infrared IRIS-T air-to-air missile developed by Diehl BGT Defence of Germany. German aircraft are also armed with the Taurus KEPD 350 stand-off missile from EADS/LFK and Saab Bofors Dynamics, which has a range over 350km.
Germany plans to assemble 180 Eurofighters of the 620 that consortium members are to buy. The series production of the Eurofighter Typhoon is underway and the aircraft has formally entered service with the German Luftwaffe JG 73 and JG 74 where it replaced the F-4F and MiG29. Other units that are to be equipped with Eurofighter Typhoons are JG 71, the last F-4F wing, and JBG 31 and 33, where it will replace the Tornado.